*COVID-19 and human development: An approach for classification of HDI with deep CNN


The measures taken during the pandemic have had lasting effects on people’s lives and perceptions of the ability of national and multilateral institutions to drive human development. Policies that changed people’s behavior were at the heart of containing the spread of the virus. As a result, it has become a systemic human development crisis affecting health, the economy, education, social life, and accumulated gains. This study shows how the relationship of the Human Development Index (HDI), which has combined effects on health, education, and the economy, should be considered in the context of pandemic factors. First, COVID-19 data of the countries received from a public and credible source were extracted and organized into an acceptable structure. Then, we applied statistical feature selection to determine which variables are closely related to HDI and enabled the Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN) model to give more accurate results. The Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) and scalogram methods were used for the time-series data visualization. Three different images of each country are combined into a single image to penetrate each other for ease of processing. These images were made suitable for the input of the ResNet-50 network, which is a pre-trained DCNN model, by going through various preprocessing processes. After the training and validation processes, the feature vectors in the fc1000 layer of the network were drawn and given to the Support Vector Machine Classifier (SVMC) input. We achieved total performance metrics of specificity (88.2%), sensitivity (96.5%), precision (99%), F1 Score (94.9%) and MCC (85.9%).